Constellation

an immense constellation of documents, software, publications, blog pages, books, spreadsheets, databases, data centre architectures, whiteboard and blackboard drawings, and an inordinate amount of talk and visual media orbit around #machinelearning. McKenzie 2017:44 #AI


Not magic

#Machinelearning is not magic; it cannot get something from nothing. What it does is get more from less. Programming, like all engineering, is a lot of work: we have to build everything from scratch. (Domingos 2012, 81)


Apps

To use apps from Google Play Store on an Android device, a user must have a Google Account, which becomes a key gateway through which Google collects personal information, including user name, email, and phone number. Schmidt 2018 #dataproduction


data base

Larger and larger programs are being written which require a structured data base to operate with any efficiency. Many of these could well benefit by replacing tedious searches with a fast, efficient, “content addressable” access of the data store.


content, context, and structure

In general, all information objects, regardless of the physical or intellectual form they take, have three features—content, context, and structure—all of which can and should be reflected through metadata. Gilliland 2008:2


The Sum

Perhaps a more useful, “big picture” way of thinking about metadata is as the sum total of what one can say about any information object at any level of aggregation. Gilliland 2008 #data


Meta-Data

Until the mid-1990s … metadata referred to … data necessary for the identification, representation, interoperability, technical management, performance, and use of data contained in an information system. Gilliland 2008


Agency

#machinelearning… Mundane technical practices, sometimes at a quite low level (for instance, vectorisation) and other times at a high level of formalization (for instance, in discussing mathematical functions) are elements… of agency McKenzie 2017:41


content, context, and structure

In general, all information objects, regardless of the physical or intellectual form they take, have three features—content, context, and structure—all of which can and should be reflected through metadata. Gilliland 2008:2


Commodities cont.

(2) And with that, we have sorted out the matter of the frequently stated argument that with the “transition from an industrial to a service economy” or in the left-wing variant of Hardt and Negri the transition from “material” to … Mehr…