environments are not systems

If environments are not systems, then what are they? Brain 2018 #tm18 #researchvalues


Technologies structure our understanding of complex systems, informing the metaphors we think with. [We] say we live in eco-systems, depend on food chains and our brains store, compute and recall information. @tegabrain Brain 2018 #tm18


On average, the production of 1 kWh emits 544 gr. of CO2 , thus, every time we upload or download 1MB of data, we are generating around 7,072 gr of CO2. Moll 2018 #tm18 #researchvalues


#Amazon Web Services (AWS) data centers use over 6.5 million MWh of power per year, enough to power 600,000 american households, 77% of it being dirty and non-renewable energy [according to a #Greenpeace study]. Moll 2018 #tm18 #researchvalues

Global electricity production

In 2012, #Google claimed to use just 0.01% of the global electricity production, the same amount of energy used by Turkey … . #Facebook used the same amount of energy as Burkina Faso in 2013. Moll 2018 #tm18 #researchvalues

data production

In 2016, worldwide data centers consumed around 416.2 terawatts of electricity, … With the increase of #data production, this number is doubling every year. Moll 2018 #tm18 #researchvalues

energy consumption

On average, one data center consumes as much energy as 25,000 homes [Kindler/McKinsey]. Moll 2018 #tm18 #researchvalues

power hungry

According to Marcus Hurst, data centers are »the second most power-hungry elements of the internet, after devices«. Moll 2018 #tm18 #researchvalues

Coal fired energy

Coal fired energy is not just responsible for powering machines. Coal is essential to the production of our devices, for example…the 2292,45 million mobile phones manufactured in China from 10/2015–10/2016… Moll 2018 #tm18 #researchvalues

CO2 Internet

In 2008, the Internet was already responsible for the 2% of CO2 global emissions, exceeding those of the entire aviation Industry. Moll 2018 #tm18 #researchvalues